Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, the last real
Cleopatra, the last real pharaoh of Egypt.
Cleopatra Vll Philopator, "Queen of Kings", was the latest
really independent Pharaoh of Egypt. She
become popular for her love adventures. Cleopatra is famed as the grand beauty
and temptress. But Plutarch noted about her beauty: "... not as to
impress". Cleopatra was appealing with her charm, intelligence and
"sweetness tones of voice."
Cassius Dio characterizes Cleopatra as "a woman of exceptional beauty",
quote: "... when she was in the prime of her
biography, she was most striking; she also possessed a most charming voice
and knowledge of how to make herself agreeable to everyone. Being
brilliant to look upon and to listen to, with the power to subjugate
everyone, even a love-sated man".
They say, queen
Cleopatra used the healing power of Dead Sea to
therapy her skin. Legend says, the first who discovered the therapeutic fitness
of the Dead Sea was the Queen of Sheba. Then Cleopatra went to Dead Sea coast to arrange the first spa there
(Dead Sea in those years was a part of Egypt). On the side, belle
Cleopatra, the last pharaoh of Egypt, had a chalet at the
seaboard of the salty Dead Sea. This place can be noted as the first
Spa at the Dead Sea.
Photos: Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, the Last Independent Pharaoh of Egypt
Photo 1. Queen Cleopatra: computer 3D image
We constructed this image by piecing together research collected by Egyptologist
Sally Ann Ashton from Cambridge University.
Pieced together from images on ancient artifacts, including a ring dating
from Cleopatra's reign 2,000 years ago, it is the culmination of more than a
year of painstaking research.
Photo 2. Queen Cleopatra: computer image 2
Egyptologist Dr Sally Ann Ashton, of Cambridge University, said the images,
to be broadcast as part of a Five documentary on Cleopatra, reflect the
monarch's Greek heritage as well as her Egyptian upbringing.
"She probably wasn't just completely European. You've got to remember that
her family had actually lived in Egypt for 300 years by the time she came to
Photo 2a Queen Cleopatra: computer photo 2a
Photo 2b Queen Cleopatra, portrait on the ring
Photo 3 Queen Cleopatra: bust from Berlin
Queen Cleopatra (?)
Photo 4 Queen Cleopatra: image of Cleopatra VII on the coin
Photo 5. Pharaoh Cleopatra. Image on the coin (2)
Photo 6. Pharaoh Cleopatra VII. Image on the coin (3)
Image of Cleopatra VII on the coin (4).
When this coin was found - it was a sensation.
Is THIS really the famous beauty Cleopatra?!
A tetradrachm with image of pharaoh Cleopatra VII. Syria mint
Queen Cleopatra and Mark Antony
Coin of Seleucis and Pieria in Syria, with Mark Antony on obverse and Cleopatra
VII on reverse
"Photo" of Cleopatra VII on the coin
Of course, there is no real photo of Cleopatra. They do not exist
Queen lived two thousand years ago (69 – 30 BC), when photography did not exist.
But we can see real face of Cleopatra on preserved coins with images of Queen.
On some coins Cleopatra looks pretty cute. On another coins we see the
face of not a beauty woman.
And on some coins queen Cleopatra looks awful (Photo 7).
Was Cleopatra really beauty... or not? No one knows for sure.
Cleopatra, the Last Real Pharaoh of Egypt.
Cleopatra & her Jr brother became joint
pharaohs of Egypt
|Sculpture of Cleopatra VII as
the ancient goddess.
1st century BC.
St. Petersburg, Russia
Cleopatra was not ethnically Egyptian, she traced her family origins to
Macedonian Greece and Ptolemy 1 Soter, Alexander the Great’s general. When, in
323 B.C., Alexander died, Ptolemy took the reigns of Egypt and he launched a
dynasty of Greek rulers of Egypt that lasted for three centuries. They say also
that Cleopatra VII was the great-great-great-granddaughter of Alexander the Great.
Ptolemy XII Auletes, Cleopatra's father, was really malign. When
Ptolemy Auletes with Cleopatra VII went
to Rome, Cleopatra VI seized the crown but Berenice IV,
Cleopatra's sister, poisoned her so she could become Pharaoh. When Ptolemy XII
returned, Berenice was executed, and her head was sent to the pharaoh's court as
was ordered by her father.
In 51 BC, when
father, Ptolemy Auletes, died, Cleopatra and her Jr brother were
married and became joint pharaohs. Cleopatra was 18, her brother was 10.
Fictitious spouses did not live friends. Within a year Cleopatra came into a
contrariety with the Rome. It was why in 48 BC Cleopatra's Jr brother Ptolemy
XIII with help of courtiers, became sole pharaoh.
Cleopatra had to get away.
Egypt and Rome
Murder of Pompey
Pompey was entangled in the Roman civilian war and
was killed. Caesar came in Egypt, and Ptolemy XII showed him Pompey's head. Caesar was
furious. In despite of Pompey was Caesar's contradictor, he was son in law of Caesar
and Roman consul in Egypt. Caesar seized the capital of Egypt and superimposed
himself as arbitrator between Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra.
To use the spite of Caesar's to her benefit Cleopatra had
secretly snuck to Caesar's apartments. For that she was packaged in a big tapis and
Apollodorus the Sicilian
her to Caesar'room past the guards of Ptolemy. When the tapis was deployed,
Cleopatra get out of it and instantly charmed Caesar, who was married. Albeit
Caesar was 31 years older than Cleopatra, they began a whirlwind romance.
Cleopatra now become no stranger in Rome. 9 months later Cleopatra had
bore a son.
|Caesar and Cleopatra.
With Caesar help Cleopatra Cleopatra again became Pharaoh of
Egypt, with her another Jr brother Ptolemy ÕIV as co-pharaoh.
Adultery Caesar with Cleopatra caused scandal because Caesar was married. But
Caesar did not attach any importance to this.
Caesar was slaughtered in 44 BC and Cleopatra back to Egypt. Ptolemy XIV
was died – perhaps with the Cleopatra's help – and she has made her son co-pharaoh.
In 41 BC, Mark Antony, the ruler of Rome, more precisely -
one of triumvirs, invoked Cleopatra to confirm her
trustiness and agreement to be his ally. Cleopatra so charmed Antony that he
decided to go to her in Egypt.
Her sister Arsinoe was
participating at the Siege of Alexandria, therefore Cleopatra asked Anthony to
kill her. Arsinoe was executed on the steps of the temple, and it shocked Rome.
Antony and Cleopatra married the Egyptian rite, and had three children, although
Anthony already had a wife in Rome.
|Queen Cleopatra, from the Ruins of Dendera.
A Confederate Soldier in Egypt, 1884,
published by William W. Loring.
Antony awarded Cleopatra the rank of "Queen of Kings," and
Cleopatra assigned to herself the dignity of the new Isis. Egyptians thought her
was new goddess.
Antony and Octavian have quarreled in 33 BC,
and Rome began a war against Egypt. The war ended with the defeat of Antony.
When Octavian close to Alexandria in 30 BC, Antony's troops defected to
Last Independent Pharaoh.
The End of Biography
When his troops defected to Octavian, Antony accused
Cleopatra of treason. She was frightened of his anger, so hid in her monument
and ordered to report Anthony about her death. Believing this, Antony struck
himself with his sword to die. At this time, another men came with the message
that she is alive. The door of the monument was barricaded and Cleopatra with
her maidservants pulled Antony in the monument through the window. Antony asked
Cleopatra not to cry, had a glass of wine and died.
captured Cleopatra. He ordered to watch her because she was able to commit
suicide, and Octavian planned to present Cleopatra in his triumph in Rome. But
Queen Cleopatra deceived the security guard, and put an end to her biography. On
August 12, 30 B.C., the last Egyptian queen took her own life inside a mausoleum
The ancient Roman authors tell us that
Cleopatra killed herself by making an asp sting her.
Plutarch reports that Octavian succeeded in capturing Cleopatra in her mausoleum
after the death of Antony. He ordered his freedman Epaphroditus to guard her to
prevent her from committing suicide, because he wanted to present her in his
triumph. But Cleopatra was able to deceive Epaphroditus and kill herself
nevertheless. Plutarch states that she was found dead, her handmaiden Iras dying
at her feet, and handmaiden Charmion adjusting her crown before she herself
fell. He then goes on to state that an asp was concealed in a basket of figs
that was brought to her by a rustic and she held out her arm for it to bite.
Other stories state that it was hidden in a vase and that she poked it with a
spindle until it got angry enough to bite her on the arm. Finally, he indicates
that, in Octavian's triumphal march back in Rome, an effigy of Cleopatra was
part of the parade that had an asp clinging to it.
Suetonius, writing about the same time as Plutarch - about 130 years after the
event, also says Cleopatra died from an asp bite.
Other authors have questioned these historical accounts, stating that it is
possible that Augustus had her killed. In 2010, German historian Christoph
Schaefer declared that Cleopatra had actually been poisoned and died from
drinking a mixture of poisons. After studying historical texts and consulting
with toxicologists, Schaefer concluded that the asp could not have caused the
quick and pain-free death claimed by most sources, since the asp venom paralyses
parts of the body, starting with the eyes, before causing death. Of course,
Cleopatra would have known of the violent and painful effects of an asp's
venomous bite, so it is unlikely that it was the cause of her death. Also, the
asp's bite is not always fatal. Schaefer has theorized that Cleopatra used a
mixture of wolfsbane, opium and hemlock.
The Death of Cleopatra by Juan Luna, 1881
Caesarion, the son of Cleopatra and Caesar, became pharaoh,
but soon he was killed. Caesarion's death ended the line of Egyptian
pharaohs. The children of Antony and Cleopatra were taken care of by Antony's
wife, Octavia Minor.
Some photos of Cleopatra, queen of
Egypt, and text from
It is impossible to say exactly how Cleopatra looked.
||According to legend, Cleopatra was a super-fox of the highest order.
It is impossible to say exactly how Cleopatra looked, but historians
usually believe that Cleopatra's most attractive quality for her fans
wasn’t so much her looks as her position as Pharaoh of Egypt, a position
she used to bend men to her whim and make them do basically whatever she
Cleopatra in turn seemed to
only be attracted to men in a similarly high position of power.
There is no telling how realistic the portraits of Egypt's
queen are on all these photos. But that in the movies Cleopatra is not like the
real queen Cleopatra - that's for sure.
Elizabeth Taylor as Cleopatra, 1963